What is a cataract?

The lens is what helps people focus on objects at varying distances. As part of the normal aging process, the lens can become cloudy. Left untreated, a cataract can become so dense that blindness occurs. In fact, according to the Eye Surgery Education Council, cataracts are the leading cause of blindness worldwide.A cataract is the clouding of the natural lens of the eye.

What are cataract symptoms?

Typical cataract symptoms include cloudy, fuzzy, foggy or filmy vision; changes in the perception of colors; problems with night driving due to bright headlights; problems with glare from lamps or the sun; double vision; and frequent changes in the eyeglass prescription.

Am I at risk for cataracts?

Most people who develop cataracts are older than 60. People with diabetes can also develop cataracts, as well as people who sustain an eye injury. Certain medications, such as steroids, can cause cataracts as well. Smoking accelerates cataract formation.

How do I know if I need cataract surgery?

Patients should discuss with their doctor their best treatment options for cataracts. If cataracts are affecting daily activities such as driving, working, housework, reading, cooking or even interacting with others, surgery may be the best option.

Can cataracts come back after surgery?

Since the entire lens of the eye is removed during surgery, cataracts cannot return. However, many people experience the clouding of the lens capsule, which supports the replacement lens. This can develop months or years after surgery and can cause vision problems that are similar to those of the original cataract. Treatment to correct this is called YAG laser capsulotomy.